RSS feed of ComptoirDesPê Here is the RSS feed of ComptoirDesPê! Follow it for the latest articles published on our site ! 03/04/2020 19:25 Title of the image All our articles on ComptoirDesPê ! fr ComptoirDesPê The Zander fish 02/10/2019 14:04 The zander fish belongs to the Percidae family. The Zander is a fish that can reach a length of 100 cm (maximum 130 cm) for a weight of 20 kg and an age of about fifteen years (maximum 20 years). Spawning takes place between April and August. Fertility is high with nearly 200,000 eggs/kg of female. It is caught from May to December. Its body is slender and fusiform. The head is elongated. The back is greenish grey and has slight dark vertical stripes. It has no transverse stripes and the flank is clear. The belly is whitish except in the male during the breeding season when it is darker. No thorns on the gill cover. Its two dorsal fins are separated. The first is spotted and thorny. The caudal fin has 17 soft rays. Its mouth is armed with many teeth and large andquot;caninesandquot; that are visible when the animal is motionless due to breathing movements. The Wrasse fish 02/10/2019 14:01 The Wrasse fish belongs to the Labridae family. Labridaes are marine fish, the Wrasse of the Labridae family, in the order of Perciformes. The family is large and diverse, with about 500 species of fish generally very colourful, grouped into 60 genera. The large number of species of wrasse offers an incredible diversity of colors, shapes and sizes with possible geographical variations between some individuals of the same species. In addition, like parrot fish, many livers evolve over the course of their lives according to their maturity and their position within the group. These evolutions can be considered in different phases (juvenile, intermediate or initial and terminal) at each of them, morphological modifications (size, shape and color) take place. All these variations in livery during the existence of a wrasse make it particularly difficult to identify between species, the risk of confusion is great and this even for specialists. During the juvenile phase, the dominant colors can vary from bright yellow to orange, as well as dull colors such as grey and brown with camouflage patterns. In the intermediate or initial phase, the wrasse is both male and female, adult but subordinate to the dominant individuals and therefore smaller with dull colors and cryptic patterns. However, in the terminal phase, depending on the species, fish can change sex, size and livery. The latter becomes a distinctive visual element within the group and is very colorful with red, yellow, gree The Whiting fish 02/10/2019 13:56 The Whiting fish belongs to the Gadidae family. Whiting grows quite quickly and measures about 30cm at the age of two years. At 5 years old, it measures about 50cm for a weight of about 1kg. Its maximum size reaches 70 cm. its lifespan is 22 years. It reproduces from January to April. A female can lay from 200,000 eggs to 1 million eggs. It is fished in winter. Its color is variable and can be yellowish brown, dark blue or green. Its sides are yellow-grey, white and its belly is silvery. A small dark spot is often present at the upper base of the pectoral fins. The Wels Catfish 02/10/2019 13:54 The Wels Catfish belongs to the Siluridae family. The usual size is 1 m for 10 kg but it can reach a maximum of about 5 m for a weight of about 300 kg. The maximum observed longevity is 60 years. It breeds from May to June. The female lays 20,000 to 30,000 eggs per kg of weight. It can be fished all year round. This massive species has a flat, broad head with small eyes and three pairs of barbells. Two pairs not movable on the lower jaw, one longer and movable on the upper jaw. The trunk represents about 1/3 of the animal and has the paired radiated fins and a small rudimentary dorsal fin. The belly is lighter. The posterior part of the body is laterally flattened and has a long anal fin. The tail ends in a homoceric fan-shaped caudal fin. The livery is variable and fluctuates from olive green to grey, both plain and with light spots. The skin is viscous and flake-free. The wels catfish has many small teeth. The Weever fish 02/10/2019 13:51 The Weever fish belongs to the Trachinidae family. The Weever fish form a family of perciform marine fish, the Trachinidae, which includes nine species. Their sizes vary from 15 cm to more than 50 cm depending on the species. The Nine species are: The Lesser weever, the Spotted weever, the Guinean weever, the Sailfin weever, the Trachinus cornutus, the Greater weever, the Striped weever, the Cape Verde weever and the Starry weever. It can be fished during the hot seasons. The Weever fish can be classified into two categories, on the one hand the small Vive which measures less than 15 cm, and the large Vive, measuring on average 2 to 30 cm and can reach 50 cm in length. The large weever differs from the small one in that it has four thorns in its orbits. The weever is always dangerous, in that it is endowed with erectile spines are the bite is very toxic, which can have long-term consequences in humans. The weever is yellow on the back, with a whitish belly and yellow or brown streaks. Accidents are much more frequent since the weever is often buried in the sand, so the risk is greater, as you may step on it and get stung. The Vendace fish 02/10/2019 13:47 The vendace fish belongs to the Salmonidae family. Its average size is 45 cm and its weight is 1 kg. The oldest specimens observed were 10 years old. It breeds from October to December. The female lays 30,000 eggs per kg of weight. It is fished from March to December. The vendace is a small, slender and streamlined fish that is very easy to confuse with a bleak, a small lavaret whitefish or a peled whitefish. Unlike the bleak, the vendace is a member of the Salmonidae family, which is why it has a fat fin. It differs from the lavaret and peled whitefish by its much longer lower jaw. In the lavaret whitefish, the upper jaw is longer and in the peled whitefish the jaws are of the same length. It is silvery on the sides, with a white belly and a brown-green, grey-blue or blue-green back. The Turbot Fish 02/10/2019 13:45 The turbot fish belongs to the Scophthalmidae family. When mature, the average size of the turbot is 30 to 60 cm. In general, males are smaller (35 cm) than females (42 cm). Some individuals can reach a maximum height of 1 m. An adult turbot weighs an average of 6 kg. Exceptionally, some specimens can weigh up to 25 kg. This fish has a long lifespan, the male can live up to 20 years while the female, up to 25 years The breeding period is between February and April. The female can lay up to 3 million eggs. Turbot is caught from January to May. The Turbot is a flatfish, left-handed or senestral, i.e. it rests on its right side (bottom side, blind) and has its left side facing upwards (top side). The origin of the dorsal fin is in front of the eye and its first rays are unbranched. The upper surface is covered with scattered bone tubers (transformed scales). This feature gives it its common name of studded. The eyes are relatively far apart (the distance between them is greater than the diameter of one eye). The lateral line is very curved at the pectoral fin. Like most flatfish, the livery is of variable color, in homochrome with the bottom. It can have many round white to black spots. The Goldfish 02/10/2019 13:36 The Goldfish belongs to the Cyprinidae family. This fish can reach 60 cm and live up to 15 years. It breeds in spring for an average of 1000 eggs. In the wild, the species Carassius Auratus or Goldfish has an elongated, laterally compressed and slightly high body. The small triangular head is free of scales and barbells. The dorsal fin, concave or straight, begins at the top of the body and ends at the caudal peduncle. The caudal fin, larger and more indented than that of the Crucian carp, has 17 to 20 soft rays. The ventral and pectoral fins and the anal fin are small and thin. The body is covered with small scales. There are 26 to 31 scales on the lateral line. The colors of the Goldfish vary greatly with the environment in which it evolves, from yellowish to bright golden and bronze. Its back is generally darker and his belly lighter. The main distinctive features of the ornamental shape are its flamboyant red color and its many morphological shapes and aberrations. The Three Spined Stickleback 27/09/2019 14:49 The three spined stickleback belongs to the Gasterosteidae family. The usual size of the three-spined stickleback is 4 to 5 cm for females, with males being a little smaller, about 3 to 4 cm. The life span of the three-spined stickleback varies from 3 to 5 years in natural environments and up to 8 years in captivity. Spawning season extends from March to June. Fertility is 200 to 400 eggs. It is fished from June to March. The three-spined stickleback is a tiny fish with a tapered, laterally compressed body. Its head is quite small, with fairly large eyes, and ends in a narrow mouth that is slightly oriented forward and upwards. The caudal peduncle of the three-spined stickleback is very narrow with a slightly indented caudal fin. The long dorsal fin is set far back, plumbing the anal fin. The dorsal fin of the three-spined stickleback is preceded by three spines, two long and one short, placed on the back of the fish. A curved spine also precedes the implantation of the anal fin. The pelvic fins are replaced by two thorns. The color of this fish is greenish brown for the back, with metallic reflections, silvery for the sides and whitish for the belly. Along the lateral line of the three-spined stickleback, there are no scales but bone plates called "badges", a kind of natural shielding that accompanies the thorny defenses of this fish. The Thornback Ray 27/09/2019 14:46 The Thornback Ray belongs to the Rajidae family. The size of this line can reach 1.20 m long for females, 70 cm for males, and 60 cm wide. Its lifespan is estimated at about fifteen years. It reproduces in the spring. The female lays between 70 and 140 young each year. It can be fished all year round. The looped line has the flattened shape of a narrow, diamond-shaped disc, sometimes wavy at the back. The pectoral fins are large, triangular in shape. They are welded to the head and to the whole body. The tail is long and thin, with a triangular pelvic fin on either side. The snout and rostrum are short and pointed. The eyes are close together, in front of the spiracles. The color of its back is greyish or light brown, sometimes solid, but usually marked by dark spots assembled or in sinuous lines. This drawing is completed with large yellowish, irregular spots. These are then surrounded by black in young people. An adult individual may also be adorned with grey-bordered eye-spots. The belly is whitish, underlined with grey on the periphery. The mouth and 2 series of 5 gill slits are located on the ventral side. The upper jaw is armed with powerful teeth, pointed in males and flattened in females. Finally, the tail is adorned with a series of dark or light, uneven rings. The skin is rough. In adults, the dorsal surface of the disc includes a few large curls (curved horny spines with an oval base) arranged irregularly. The young have a very pronounced median line, up to the t The Tench fish 27/09/2019 14:42 The Tench fish belongs to the Cyprinidae family. It rarely exceeds a length of 50 cm for a weight of 2 kg (maximum 70 cm for 8 kg). He can live up to 15 years. It breeds from May to August. Fertility is 300,000 to 800,000 eggs. It can be fished all year round. The Tench is a fish with a stocky body and compressed laterally. Its head is triangular with a small red-orange eye and a relatively long snout. Its mouth is terminal, small with thick lips and a well-developed barbell at each corner. Its characteristic caudal pedicle is rounded and short. Its skin is thick and viscous. Its scales are very small and covered with a thick layer of mucus. All fins are rounded. The caudal fin has 19 rays. The overall coloring is olive green (sometimes dark green or even almost black) with golden reflections on the ventral side. From the age of two years, males can be distinguished from females: they have ventral fins that reach the anus and the second ray of these fins becomes stronger than the others. It is a groundfish, rather shy, that can be found in small groups of maximum 4 individuals. The Sunbleak fish 27/09/2019 14:37 The Sunbleak fish belongs to the Cyprinidae family. The usual size of sunbleak is 4 to 6 cm for a weight of about ten grams. The largest individuals can reach 9 cm. Its lifespan is about 2 years. It breeds between May and July. It is prohibited to fish for the sunbleak in white water from October to March, but in mixed and calm waters it can be fished all year round. The Sunbleak has a tapered, laterally compressed body, like the common bleak with which it is often confused. However, its body is more robust and less high than that of the latter. Its head is small with eyes that are excessively large in relation to the size of the head. Its lower jaw is longer than its upper jaw, giving its mouth a forward and upward orientation, indicating a fish that feeds preferentially on the surface. The caudal fin of sunbleak is particularly indented, its dorsal fin fits well behind the pelvic fin insertions. The sunbleak has an olive-brown back, bluishly reflective sides and a silvery belly. Its fins are light grey. The Stone Loach 27/09/2019 14:32 The Stone Loach belongs to the Balitoridae family. The current size of the Stone loach is about 10-12 cm and maximum 20 cm. Its longevity is 5 to 6 years. The breeding period takes place between April and July. Fertility is 50,000 to 80,000 eggs. Fishing is allowed from June to March. The stone loach has an elongated body, subcylindrical in its front part and covered with tiny scales. The head is broad and flattened. The mouth is equipped with three pairs of barbells on the upper lip. She does not have an erectile spine under her eye. The caudal fin is slightly indented, almost straight and punctuated with black. The back is brownish in color, the flanks are yellowish and the belly is clear. A dark band is present at the base of the caudal fin. The Sting Ray fish 27/09/2019 14:24 The Sting Ray fish belongs to the Dasyatidae family. The total length of this line is generally greater than 1 m, with a weight of 15 to 20 kg. The maximum known length is 2.50 m. The maximum lifespan is 20 years. Breeding usually takes place in summer. The female gives birth to 4 to 9 young. It can be fished all year round. The body of the sting ray is flattened, diamond-shaped, pointed at the front, with large pectoral fins: it is as wide as it is long. The tail, representing 60% of the total length, looks like a whip and, at one third of its base, it has a serrated spine, connected to venomous glands under the skin. The dorsal surface is bluish grey or reddish-grey in color, sometimes with white spots. This back is smooth, without tubers. The ventral side is clear. The sting ray has no dorsal fin or caudal fin and its pelvic fins are very small. The eyes are located on the dorsal surface while the mouth, nostrils and gill slits (five slits on each side) are on the ventral surface. The eyes are prominent, which gives him a very wide field of vision. Next to the eyes, an inhalant valve, called a spiracle, carries water into the gills. The mouth is located quite far back. Teeth are numerous and small, pointed in males and molar-shaped in females. The tail acts as a simple rudder and is not used for movement. It is done by the large pectoral fins, by beating. These fins are also used for burying in sand. The Strerlet fish 27/09/2019 14:17 The Sterlet fish belongs to the Acipenseridae family. The Sterlet fish measures about 3.50m in length and weighs 300kg. It can live a hundred years. Females lay more than 800,000 eggs on the gravel. Spawning season is around May to June. It can be fished all year round. The back and sides are grey to beige, the ventral and lateral parts are lighter (almost white). Five longitudinal rows of large bone plates are arranged along the body. The upper lobe of the caudal fin is more developed than the lower lobe. The muzzle is narrow, pointed and raised upwards with four long fringed barbells. The lower lip is notched in the middle. The Sterlet fish has a protractile mouth placed on the underside of the head. The Spined Stickleback 27/09/2019 14:14 The Spined Stickleback belongs to the Gasterosteidae family. Females are larger than males, measuring 4 to 5 cm and males 3.5 to 4 cm. Its longevity varies from 3 to 5 years. The spined stickleback breeds from March to July to June depending on the region. Fertility is 100 to 400 eggs. It can be fished all year round. The spined stickleback is a small fish whose body is elongated and laterally compressed. Along the lateral line, the body is not covered with scales but with bone plates (badges). The caudal peduncle is very narrow. Three isolated spines are present on the back in front of the dorsal fin. The muzzle is pointed and has a terminal mouth. Pelvic fins are also replaced by two thorns. Its back is greenish brown with black on the back, the sides are silvery grey below the lateral line and the ventral side is whitish. The male's silvery coat turns a bright red color at the time of reproduction. The Spined Loach 27/09/2019 14:10 The Spined loach belongs to the Cobitidae family. The Spined Loach has a size of 6 to 12 cm. it can live up to 10 years. The breeding period runs from April to July. The female can lay up to 1500 eggs. It can be fished all year round. Its elongated, ribbon-shaped body is covered with very small scales. Variable in color, light brown to dark brown, its flanks are marked with dark spots aligned longitudinally (the points in the lower row are larger). His belly is very clear and almost white. The head is narrow. The inferior mouth (in the ventral position) is surrounded by six small barbells (4 on the upper jaw and 2 at the corner of the lips). Under each eye, there is a small moving spine that is very inconspicuous (it can be detected mainly by touch). The caudal fin has a black spot growing at its birth and is then marked with four lines of dark dots. The pectoral fins are long. If you have good eyes, you can tell the male from the female by the longer and thicker pectoral fins. The Sole Fish 27/09/2019 14:06 The sole fish belongs to the Soleidae family. The maximum size can reach 70 cm with a current size of 25 to 35 cm. Its longevity is 27 years. It breeds from January to March depending on the region. It can lay up to 1,300,000 eggs. It can be fished all year round. First of all, we notice in this flatfish its characteristic oval shape, which is not found in the other flatfish most frequently encountered by divers. The adult sole, a right-handed (or dexter) flatfish, rests on its left flank and has its eyes on the right side. The color of this fish is very variable: bluish grey to yellowish brown! The body is often marked with marbling and dark spots. The snout of the soles is rounded and shows a small arched mouth, located before the tip of the head. Her eyes are small and wide apart. The caudal has a rounded edge at the end of which a dark fringe can often be seen. On the seabed is the black spot (sometimes golden or brown) at the back and up of the pectoral fin. The dorsal and anal fins are generally white bordered and joined to the caudal by a thin membrane. The Smoothhound fish 27/09/2019 14:02 The Smoothhound fish belongs to the Triakidae family. In exceptional cases, the emissole can reach a length of 160 cm, but it is common between 60 and 120 cm. He can live for about twenty years. Breeding takes place between June and March. The female can give birth to 10 or 20 young. It is mainly fished in the summer. The Smoothhound fish is a cartilaginous fish (the skeleton is composed of cartilage elements) of medium size. The body is elongated and tapered. The head is compressed in the upper part and the muzzle is long and rounded. The mouth, located at the bottom, is oblique and equipped with a series of small and low teeth, which may be less rounded in young people. The nostrils, in a ventral position, have a large opening, and are closer to the mouth than to the top of the muzzle. The eyes are small, round in young subjects, and horizontal oblong pupil (typical of deep-sea species) in adults. On the muzzle, there are sensory organs for depth detection (hydrostatic). Next to the terminal part of the head, there are five gill cracks. A subtle but distinct fold of the skin is found along the back, from the tail to the gill cracks. The skin (shagreen skin) is almost smooth. The dorsal fins are two, triangular in shape, the second is slightly smaller than the first. The pectoral muscles have a rounded and slightly concave inner top. The caudal fin has two non-symmetrical lobes (the upper part more developed). The anal fin is present. The colouring of the back and sides ar The Silver Bream 27/09/2019 13:58 The Silver bream belongs to the Cyprinidae family. The usual size of the Silver bream is 20 to 30 cm and weighs about 200 g. The largest specimens can reach 35 cm. The life span of the Silver bream is about 10 years and it breeds from May to July. The female lays 20,000 to 60,000 eggs. It can be fished all year round. The Silver bream (Blicca bjoerkna) has a high, laterally flattened body, with a bushy back, characteristic of breams and accentuating with age. The head of this bream is small in relation to the size of its body but its eye is quite large, compared to its common cousin. Its snout is short and its mouth is oblique downwards, a characteristic common to fish seeking food on the bottom. The mouth is protractile (it unfolds forward) and free of barbells, surrounded by thick lips. The Silver bream is characterized by a long anal fin with between 22 and 26 rays, although shorter than the fresh water bream (26 to 30 rays). The dorsal fin of the Silver bream is short and high. The caudal fin is strongly indented. The Silver bream has a silvery coloring on the sides and belly, with a dark greyish-green or olive-colored back. The pelvic, pectoral and anal fins have an orange-red color. This last coloring can affect the whole stomach in older Silver breams. The Salmon fish 27/09/2019 13:45 The Salmon fish belongs to the Salmonidae family. It can reach a maximum weight of 47 kg for a height of 1.5 m. The current size of the salmon is 50 to 70 cm, with a weight of 2.3 to 9.1 kg. It can reach a maximum weight of 47 kg for a height of 1.5 m. The current size of the salmon is 50 to 70 cm, with a weight of 2.3 to 9.1 kg. Spawning season is in October-November. Fertility is 1,500 and 1,800 eggs per kg of weight. It is fished in March in October. Salmon have a hydrodynamic and powerful body. The caudal peduncle is elongated and narrower than in trout, with which salmon share many characteristics. The mouth does not extend beyond the plumbing of the posterior edge of the eye. Adults have sexual dimorphism in the muzzle. Females have a rounded snout, while males have an elongated snout and their jaws bend sharply as they age, giving them the name of becard. The caudal fin is fairly indented, with a concave posterior edge and well defined tips. The adipose fin characteristic of Salmonids is present in salmon. The livery is different depending on the reproductive stage of the individual. The parr have 8 to 11 dark-colored vertical bars on the sides. The smolt and the adult have a silvery livery with black cross-shaped punctuation above the lateral line. At the time of reproduction, the male is adorned with bright colors. The Rudd fish 27/09/2019 13:35 The Rudd fish belongs to the Cyprinidae family. The current size of the rudd fish is 15 to 30 cm for a weight of 0.5 to 1 kg. It can reach nearly 51 cm in height and weigh 2 kg. The rudd fish can live about 17 years. Egg laying is split and takes place from April to June. The female lays 100,000 to 200,000 eggs. Fishing for rudd is allowed all year round. It is easily identifiable by the diver: the silvery appearance of its body. A closer look at the position of the dorsal and ventral fins will then make the difference between the two species. If the ventral fins are placed further forward than the dorsal fin, it is the ratchet. The mouth, small, terminal, opens obliquely upwards. The back of the rattlesnake is brownish green, the sides and belly are silvery. The iris of the eyes is yellow with golden reflections. Dorsal, anal and pelvic fins are bright red in color. The Roach fish 27/09/2019 13:27 The Roach fish belongs to the Cyprinidae Family. The current size is 10 to 30 cm and the weight is 10 to 200 g. Some individuals can reach 50 cm for a weight of 2 kg. Life expectancy is about ten years (maximum 14 years). The breeding of the roach takes place from April to June/July. Fertility is 350000 eggs per kg of weight. It can be fished all year round. Roach is one of the most common and widespread fish in slow-moving lakes and rivers. It lives in schools of individuals of approximately the same size. These benches can be composed of hundreds of roaches. It is easily identifiable by the diver: the silvery appearance of his body, the eyes and red fins allow him to identify roaches and rotengles. A closer look at the position of the dorsal and ventral fins will then make the difference between the two species. If these two fins are upright, it is the roach. The River Lamprey 27/09/2019 13:18 The River Lamprey belongs to the Petromyzontidae family. It measures 18 to 50 cm (average 25 to 35 cm) and weighs 30 to 150 g (average 50 to 70 g). Females are larger than males. The maximum age of the river lamprey is estimated at 10 years. Reproduction takes place between January and May. The number of eggs varies between 4,000 and 40,000. It is caught from January to May. A vertebrate with a cartilaginous skeleton and no jaws, the river lamprey has an anguilliform body, without scales and covered with toxic mucus. Its back is bluish to brownish green. Its sides are greyish, tanned, without mottling. The belly is white. The eyes are very well developed but remain primitive. A single nostril is located between the two eyes. In adults, the circular mouth in the lower position is a suction cup adapted to suction. The buccal disc and tongue are covered with only a few horny denticles, but most of them are strong and acute. On each side of the head, this species has seven pairs of circular gill holes (spiracules). The river lamprey has three fins: one caudal and two dorsal. The two dorsal fins are separated by a small interval, the second being triangular in shape, longer and higher than the first. The larvae are light-colored and its mouth is horseshoe-shaped. His eyes remain hidden under the skin. So it’s blind. The Red Bream 27/09/2019 13:13 The Red Bream belongs to the Sparidae Family. The Red bream is a fish with a common length of 15 to 30 cm, the maximum known size being 60 cm. This fish can live for about twenty years. It breeds from May to August or March to July. Although it is fished all year round, it is between fall and winter that catches increase. The body is oval in shape, compressed laterally, as in most Sparidae. The head has an almost straight profile, a pointed snout, a fairly small mouth in a low and inclined position. The diameter of the eye is much smaller than the length of the muzzle. The inside of the mouth is greyish or whitish. The 2 jaws have sharp teeth in front (larger outer teeth, with small teeth) and 2 or 3 rows of molar-shaped teeth in the back. Like all Sparidae, it has only one dorsal fin. It begins at the plumbing of the pelvic bones and includes 12 spines and 10 to 11 soft rays. The anal fin has 3 spines and 8 to 9 soft rays, the length of its base is one-third that of the dorsal fin. The pectoral fins are high and very long, reaching almost vertically from the beginning of the anal fin. The caudal fin is forked. The body color is silvery pink with bluish reflections, the back and top of the head being darker. The upper part of the body is dotted with small blue spots. The upper outer edge of the lid is marked with a carmine red. The bases of the pectoral fins have a reddish spot and sometimes a spot is also observed at the base of the last rays of the dorsal fin. The Rainbow trout 27/09/2019 13:09 The Rainbow trout belongs to the Salmonidae family. On average, it measures 35 to 70 cm and weighs 500 g to 6 kg. In this species, a maximum lifespan of 11 years has been observed. Rainbow trout reproduce naturally from late March to early July. Fertility is about 2000 eggs per kg. Depending on the region, it is fished from March to September. Rainbow trout have a streamlined, laterally compressed and slender body. It has a small head and a slightly split mouth. Its body is arched at the level of the dorsal fin. It should also be noted that there is an adipose fin common to all Salmonids. Its scales are small and thin. Generally, the entire body is punctuated by small black spots, many on the back and sides, as well as on the dorsal and caudal fins. The back is olive green and the sides are silvery. The color of the belly varies from white to yellowish. Nevertheless, the general coloring of the body varies greatly depending on the age, habitat and physiological stage of the fish. The particularity of rainbow trout lies in the presence, all along the body, of an iridescent longitudinal band, predominantly pink. During the breeding season, the female is generally rounder because of the ovarian volume, while the males appear to be more elongated. They become darker and their colors more vivid. The Pouting fish 27/09/2019 12:59 The Pouting fish belongs to the Gadidae Family. Its longevity is short: 4 years for a maximum size of 45 cm and a weight of about 1kg. Breeding takes place in March-April and is fished all year round. This small fish, generally 20/30 cm, rarely 45 cm, has an oval body, flattened laterally. Beige/pinkish white, slightly coppery, it can, especially when it is close to a poorly lit area (cave, wreck), have four to five wide dark vertical stripes. These bands may be absent in sunlight or on dead fish. The lower jaw is slightly set back, giving the pouting fish a characteristic profile with a small "nose". The eye is quite large, and a barbell is clearly visible under the "chin". The pouting fish has, like other Gadidae, three dorsal fins and two anal fins. A black spot is clearly visible at the base of the pectoral muscles. The Pumpkinseed fish 27/09/2019 12:55 The Pumpkinseed fish belongs to the Centrarchidae family. It is a migratory fish that can reach a weight of 40 g to 50 g for a length of 20 cm. But the largest specimens can reach a weight ranging from 3 kg to 4 kg for a maximum size of 40cm. The life span of the sun perch is 8 to 10 years. Breeding takes place in the months of May to August. A female can lay between 1500 and 3000 eggs. It is fished all year round, but the best times are in spring and autumn. Its high body is very flat laterally. Its mouth is terminal, small and slightly oblique. The caudal fin is slightly forked. The two dorsal fins are united, giving the impression of being one. The pectoral muscles are long and pointed. The anal fin has 3 sharp spines. The coloring is brilliant with green and blue touches on the back and rust colored spots on the flank. The cheeks are crossed by bright blue lines, particularly marked in males. The operculum is wide and has a black spot bordered by a scarlet red spot in the male, which may be absent or less marked in the female. The male is larger and more colorful than the female. The Pollack fish 27/09/2019 12:40 The Pollack fish belongs to the Gadidae family. Its size can reach 1.40 m for an average of 60 to 80 cm. The Pollack grows very quickly and lives between 8 and 10 years, while most pelagic fish have a lifespan of more than 20 years. Reproduction takes place in February March. Fertility can reach 4 million eggs. It can be fished all year round. Elongated body, covered with small scales, orange-yellow color, darker on the back, marbled in young individuals, bright yellowish white in adults. Prominent lower jaw, big eye. The dark-colored lateral line is curved at the pectoral fins, which makes it easily distinguishable from the black locus (Pollachius virens) in which it is straight. The Pollack, like many Gadidae, has three clearly triangular dorsal fins and two anal fins. It is one of the few Gadidae that does not have chin barbells. Juveniles are rather reddish brown with longitudinal stripes of blue-grey. The Plaice fish 25/09/2019 22:36 The Plaice fish belongs to the Pleuronectidae family. it does not usually exceed 61 cm. Growth is slow and the average lifespan is between 12 and 15 years. Reproduction takes place between February and May. Fertility is 125,000 eggs on average. It can be fished all year round. The plaice fish is a dexterous flat asymmetric fish: its two eyes are located on the right flank. Its body is thick. The ocular side is generally uniform, ranging from reddish to dark beige and spotted, while the blind side is white. His mouth is big. Its caudal is rounded and of moderate size. The lateral line is almost straight, except for a slight arc above the pectoral muscles. The dorsal fin has 76 to 101 rays, it originates in front of the left eye and ends on the caudal peduncle. The anal has 60 to 79 rays, it begins just below the operculum and ends under the posterior end of the dorsal fin. The head and body are covered with small ctenoid scales, they are rough on the ocular side; those on the blind side are mainly smooth and cycloid.